Because the main reason to use cloning in the above case is to have children who are genetically related to at least one member of the couple, Strong questions whether reasons can be given to the value of genetically related children (150). One such reason offered by the writer is the value of the participation in the creation of a person. The member of the couple whose chromosomes are used would participate by providing the genetic material for the new person, and the other may participate by gestating and giving birth to the child. One might object that the infertile couple could still participate in the creation of a person by using donor gametes or pre-embryos. In reply, although the above methods also constitute types of participation, a more direct involvement would occur if one member of the couple contributed genetically to the creation of the child. In this sense, cloning can be understood as a superior reproductive procedure than its alternatives.
Science Standard 5- Understands the genetic basis for the transfer of biological characteristics from one generation to the next. Benchmarks: Knows the chemical and structural properties of DNA and its role in specifying the characteristics of an organism; Knows ways in which genes may be altered and combined to create genetic variation with a species; Knows that mutations and new gene combinations may have positive, negative, or no effects on the organism
Science Standard 16- Understands the scientific enterprise. Benchmarks: Understands the ethical traditions associated with the scientific enterprise and that scientists who violate those traditions are censored by their peers; Knows that science and technology are essential social enterprises, but alone they can only indicate what can happen, not what should happen; Knows that creativity, imagination, and a good knowledge base are all required in the work of science and engineering
Technology Standard 3- Understands the relationships among science, technology, society, and the individual. Benchmarks: Knows that alternatives, risks, costs, and benefits must be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies or to curtail existing ones; Knows examples of advanced and emerging technologies and how they could impact society; Identifies the role of technology in a variety of careers
Language Arts Standard 1- Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies of the writing process. Benchmarks: Writes expository compositions; Writes persuasive compositions that evaluate, interpret, and speculate about problems/solutions and causes and effects
Language Arts Standard 4- Gathers and uses information for research purposes. Benchmarks: Uses a variety of news sources to gather information for research; Uses a variety of primary sources to gather information for research topics
Language Arts Standard 8- Demonstrates competence i speaking and listening as tools for learning. Benchmarks: Evaluates own and others’ effectiveness in group discussions and in formal presentations; Asks questions as a way to broaden and enrich classroom discussions