“If a young person walks up to an older voter to ask them to participate, we know there’s some biases,” Mr. Lenski said, referring to the tendency of older voters to refuse to participate with a young interviewer. Another problem that’s hard to correct: The exit polls don’t tend to contact early voters in states where early voters represent less than 20 percent of the electorate, and absentee and early voters are often very old. Race and ethnicity are more complicated. The exit polls depict a much more diverse, particularly Hispanic, electorate than other data sources do. The discrepancies are especially large where they matter most, in many key battleground states.
2. When in doubt, walk: Let’s say you’ve told your story out loud, you’ve used one or more of the exercises from last week to go from scripts to stories, and you’ve expanded the strongest parts of your writing with more detail. And you still feel stuck! Now what? Stand up, walk around the room–or go outside–and imagine your essay as physical movement from one place to another. Your story has a beginning, middle, and end, like a physical journey. Once you can feel that movement, go back and revise your essay with that journey in mind